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Exercise should be prescribed for depression, finds report from the John W Brick Mental Health Foundation
POSTED 18 Jun 2021 . BY Tom Walker
Three to five 30-45-minute moderate to vigorous exercise sessions per week appear to deliver optimal mental health benefits Credit: Shutterstock/ikselstock
Report recommends that people with depression should be prescribed exercise
The Move Your Mental Health Report summarises data from 1,158 studies
Out of a 1,158 studies reviewed, 89 per cent reported "significant positive relationships" between physical activity and mental health outcomes
Overall, three to five 30-45-minute moderate to vigorous exercise sessions a week appears to deliver optimal mental health benefits
People with depression should be prescribed exercise and then monitored for the first 12 weeks of their regime – similar to the way physical therapy is used to help people recover from injuries.

The recommendation comes from a new report – Move Your Mental Health – which summarises data from 1,158 studies and reviews 20+ types of physical activities in relation to mental health outcomes.

Out of the 1,158 studies, 89 per cent (1,029) reported "significant positive relationships" between physical activity and mental health outcomes.

Types of physical activity with the greatest number of positive studies were general physical activity, with 370 studies showing significant and positive results. This was followed by cardiovascular and aerobic activity with 189 positive studies and yoga with 165 positive studies.

When examining only randomised controlled trials – 56 per cent of the studies reviewed were randomised trials – the vast majority (87 per cent) reported positive effects of exercise/physical activity on mental health outcomes.

Overall, three to five 30-45-minute moderate to vigorous exercise sessions per week appear to deliver optimal mental health benefits.

The report, compiled by John W Brick Mental Health Foundation, states that high-frequency exercise (3-5 times per week) is better for reducing depressive symptoms than low-frequency exercise (1 time per week).

More exercise is not always better, however, according to the authors.

There appears to be a "U-shaped curve", in which people who engage in moderate to vigorous exercise 3-5 times per week show better mental health than those who exercise under three or over five times per week.

Some high-intensity exercise can also increase anxiety immediately post-exercise.

Lead author Cassandra Vieten, executive director of John W Brick Mental Health Foundation, said: "Research overwhelmingly supports a beneficial role of exercise and increased physical activity for addressing mental health issues. particularly depression and anxiety.

"For these, a combination of cardiovascular and aerobic exercise and strength training at moderate to high intensity several times per week appears to be supported by the evidence.

"Exercise appears to improve mental health through social and self-efficacy pathways, as well as biological pathways – such as increasing brain neurotransmitters and improving hormone function involved in mental health."

To download the full report, click here.
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NEWS
Exercise should be prescribed for depression, finds report from the John W Brick Mental Health Foundation
POSTED 18 Jun 2021 . BY Tom Walker
Three to five 30-45-minute moderate to vigorous exercise sessions per week appear to deliver optimal mental health benefits Credit: Shutterstock/ikselstock
Report recommends that people with depression should be prescribed exercise
The Move Your Mental Health Report summarises data from 1,158 studies
Out of a 1,158 studies reviewed, 89 per cent reported "significant positive relationships" between physical activity and mental health outcomes
Overall, three to five 30-45-minute moderate to vigorous exercise sessions a week appears to deliver optimal mental health benefits
People with depression should be prescribed exercise and then monitored for the first 12 weeks of their regime – similar to the way physical therapy is used to help people recover from injuries.

The recommendation comes from a new report – Move Your Mental Health – which summarises data from 1,158 studies and reviews 20+ types of physical activities in relation to mental health outcomes.

Out of the 1,158 studies, 89 per cent (1,029) reported "significant positive relationships" between physical activity and mental health outcomes.

Types of physical activity with the greatest number of positive studies were general physical activity, with 370 studies showing significant and positive results. This was followed by cardiovascular and aerobic activity with 189 positive studies and yoga with 165 positive studies.

When examining only randomised controlled trials – 56 per cent of the studies reviewed were randomised trials – the vast majority (87 per cent) reported positive effects of exercise/physical activity on mental health outcomes.

Overall, three to five 30-45-minute moderate to vigorous exercise sessions per week appear to deliver optimal mental health benefits.

The report, compiled by John W Brick Mental Health Foundation, states that high-frequency exercise (3-5 times per week) is better for reducing depressive symptoms than low-frequency exercise (1 time per week).

More exercise is not always better, however, according to the authors.

There appears to be a "U-shaped curve", in which people who engage in moderate to vigorous exercise 3-5 times per week show better mental health than those who exercise under three or over five times per week.

Some high-intensity exercise can also increase anxiety immediately post-exercise.

Lead author Cassandra Vieten, executive director of John W Brick Mental Health Foundation, said: "Research overwhelmingly supports a beneficial role of exercise and increased physical activity for addressing mental health issues. particularly depression and anxiety.

"For these, a combination of cardiovascular and aerobic exercise and strength training at moderate to high intensity several times per week appears to be supported by the evidence.

"Exercise appears to improve mental health through social and self-efficacy pathways, as well as biological pathways – such as increasing brain neurotransmitters and improving hormone function involved in mental health."

To download the full report, click here.
RELATED STORIES
FEATURE: Policy: Fitness to wellbeing


Muir Gray argues the industry needs a change of focus to optimise its potential
Physical fitness crucial to tackling depression and anxiety


A major seven-year study of more than 150,000 people has found that those with higher levels of aerobic fitness and muscular strength are significantly less likely to experience depression and anxiety.
Exercise and depression – promising research published


A study by Rutgers University has suggested that it could be possible to predict which young adults with major depression would benefit most from exercise.
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Rainer Schaller, founder of budget gym megabrand McFIT, says that the global fitness industry will have to prepare for permanent life with COVID-19 – but that the future will also present plenty of opportunities for the sector.
Arena gets US$5.2m seed financing to enter connected strength training market
Fitness startup Arena Innovation has secured US$5.2m worth of seed funding, as it looks to launch its robotically-assisted resistance training product to the market.
EuropeActive to publish new study on COVID-19 cases and health club visits
Further research into the levels of positive COVID-19 cases among those to have visited fitness clubs and leisure facilities is currently being developed by EuropeActive.
Revolutionary new Passivhaus leisure centre gets the go-ahead. Will reduce energy costs by 60%
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A new world for memberships
During lockdown clients have had more time to self-reflect than ever before. As a result, many are prioritising mental health and incorporating activity into their day to improve overall wellbeing. [more...]
+ More featured suppliers  
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Physical Company

Physical Company’s mission statement is ‘First for Fitness Solutions’ – a statement that reflects th [more...]
+ More profiles  
CATALOGUE GALLERY
+ More catalogues  

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FreeMotion Fitness - Freemotion FUSION Team Training
The High-Intensity Cardio-Strength Training. Find out more...
+ More videos  

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+ More directory  
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24-25 Jul 2021

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Online / virtual, United States
25-26 Jul 2021

The Les Nouvelles Esthetiques Spa Conference 2021

The Houghton Hotel, Johannesburg, South Africa
+ More diary  
 


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Tel: +44 (0)1462 431385

©Cybertrek 2021

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